Aluminium production value chain in Europe
There is a well-implemented aluminium value chain in Europe, with more than 600 plants ranging from raw materials (e.g. bauxite and alumina), primary metal production, semi-fabrication (e.g. rolling and extrusion) and recycling. Smelters and rolling mills are often part of multinationals, while the majority of the plants involved in extrusion and recycling are small to medium enterprises. All serve as important actors within local communities. Not shown on this map but equally important to the aluminium value chain are further downstream plants, including building systems houses, aluminium casting manufacturers and foil-manufacturing plants.